Located in south west of Asia, Iran is one the middle-east countries. Iran has a very colorful and diversified landscape, ranging from high plateaus to mountain bordering the Persian Gulf and Caspian Sea.
Country’s Total Area
1,648,195 km² (18th in the world)
83,680,887 (2019 – 19th in the world)
The country is bounded Turkmenistan, Caspian Sea, Azerbaijan and Armenia in the North, Afghanistan and Pakistan in the East, Oman Sea and the Persian Gulf in the south, and Iraq and Turkey in the West.
Iran shares 740 km Caspian Sea coastline with Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan and Russia. It also shares 2250 km Persian Gulf and Oman Sea with Oman, United Arab Emirates, Saude Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, and Iraq.
Mashhad, Isfahan, Karaj, Tabriz, and Shiraz
Provinces and Their Capitals
1. Alborz (Karaj), 2, Ardabil (Ardabil), 3. Bushehr (Bushehr), 4. Chahar Mahal va Bakhtiari (Shahr-e Kord), 5. East Azerbaijan (Tabriz), 6. Fars (Shiraz), 7. Gilan (Rasht), 8. Golestan (Gorgan), 9. Hamadan (Hamadan), 10. Hormozgan (Bandar Abbas), 11. Ilam (Ilam), 12. Isfahan (Isfahan), 13. Kerman (Kerman), 14. Kermanshah (Kermanshah), 15. Khorasan Razavi (Mashhad), 16. Khuzestan (Ahvaz), 17. Kohgiluyeh va Boyer Ahmad (Yasuj), 18. Kordestan (Sanandaj), 19. Lorestan (Khorram Abad), 20. Markazi (Arak), 21. Mazandaran (Sari), 22. Northern Khorasan (Bojnourd), 23. Qazvin (Qazvin), 24. Qom (Qom), 25. Semnan (Semnan), 26. Sistan va Baluchestan (Zahedan), 27. Southern Khorasan (Birjand), 28. Tehran (Tehran), 29. West Azerbaijan (Urmia), 30. Yazd (Yazd), 31. Zanjan (Zanjan)
Arabs, Armenians, Assyrians, Azeri, Baluch, Circassians, Georgians, Gilaks, Jews, Kurd, Lurs, Mandaeans, Mazandaranis, Persians, Qashqai, Talysh, Tats, and Turkmen
Iran’s plateau climate is relatively dry, and despite the country’s location in the world’s dry climate belt, the Alborz and Zagros mountain ranges prevent the entrance of humid streams from the Caspian and Mediterranean seas into Iran. The country’s span across 25 and 40 degrees latitude, and the varying height levels allow for a diversity of climates. In the northwest, winters are cold with heavy snowfall and subfreezing temperatures. Spring and fall are relatively mild while summers are dry and hot.
In the south, winters are mild and summers are very hot, having average daily temperatures that exceed 38 °C (100 °F) in July. On the Khuzestan plain, summer heat is accompanied by high humidity.
Iran’s Top 3
The highest point in Iran is Damavand, which is 5610 m high. The longest river is the Karun River with length of 890 km. The largest lake is the Urmia lake with an area of 4868 km and the largest Island is Qeshm with an area of 1491 square km.
Holidays and National Days
March 20: The Nationalization of the Oil Industry
March 21: Eid-e Nowrooz
April 1: Islamic Republic Day
April 2: Nature Day
June 4: Death of Imam Khomeini (1989)
June 5: Revolt of June 5, 1963
February 11: Victory of the Islamic Revolution
Holidays according to the Lunar Calendar (varying dates):
Tasu’a and Ashura of Imam Hussein
Arba’een of Imam Hussein
Death of Prophet Muhammad and Martyrdom of Imam Hasan
Martyrdom of Imam Riza
Birth of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Jafar Sadegh
Martyrdom of Fatima, Daughter of Prophet Muhammad
Birth of Imam Ali
Mission Receiving of Prophet Muhammad
Bith of Imam Mahdi
Martyrdom of Imam Ali
Eid-ul Fitr (end of Ramadan)
All governmental departments and most business centers throughout the country are closed on Fridays. In Tehran province, all governmental departments are closed on Thursdays as well.
UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Since 1979, 24 Iranian sites have been listed by UNESCO, from Tchogha Zanbil to Hyrcanian Forest.
Best Time to Visit Iran
Being a vast country, Iran has regions with differing temperatures during a given period of time, offering different climates and conditions depending on the season and the areas one plans to visit, the weather can be humid, dry, hot or cold. In the northern coastal areas of the Caspian Sea, the climate is mild and humid. The southern parts and the Persian Gulf region have a hotter climate than Central Iran. Northwestern Iran is about 10 – 15 degrees Celsius cooler than the rest of the country. The northern region of the country, especially the Alborz foots, are a popular destination in the spring.
Iran’s southern regions provide a pleasant spring-weather getaway during the winter. At the same time, in Fars and Isfahan, the cold, the snow, and the torrent change the faces of the cities.
The weather in most of Iran is hot during the summer . So, one can enjoy winter and summer sports during the same period within a few hours. More accurately, from mid-April to early June and from late September to early November are the best times to enjoy the matchless beauty of the country.